A little bit about Depression

I have had clients being referred to me with chronic back pain and irritable bowel syndrome. It took a few sessions to dig deep and realise that these physical symptoms may be related to depression. Let’s get one thing straight though. I’m not saying that having back pain or IBS is a symptom of depression. However, depression may be related to these symptoms. So what are symptoms of depression?

According to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder V, criteria for Major Depressive Disorder is as follows:

  • Depressed mood or a loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities for more than two weeks.
  • Mood represents a change from the person’s baseline.
  • Impaired function: social, occupational, educational.
  • Specific symptoms, at least 5 or the 9 symptoms below are present nearly on a daily basis:
    • Depressed mood or irritable most of the day (feels sad or empty)
    • Decreased interest or pleasure in most activities
    • Significant weight change or change in appetite
    • Change in sleep
    • Change in activity
    • Fatigue or loss of energy
    • Guilt/worthlessness
    • Diminished concentration
    • Suicidality

If you think you are experiencing the above, it is essential that you seek help. Depression impacts memory, immune system negatively and may even lead to suicide.

A good place to start is by taking Beck’s Depression Inventory:

Beck’s Depression Inventory

About living with depression will follow in the next blog post. Stay safe and remember to do your best to PICK YOURSELF UP.


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